FIREMAT is meant to overcome the main technological limits arising from the application of polymeric matrix composites (PMCs), that derive from their low resistance to temperature, combined with their non-recyclability. On the other hand, ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), which boast excellent thermal resistance, are too expensive and time-spending to produce.
The project produces long and short fiber-reinforced composites for high temperature and fireproof applications, aiming at exhaust pipe applications and fireproof insulating panels. These fiber-reinforced composites will have fire performance comparable to ceramic materials, but with lightness and ease of production typical of polymeric composites.
The project will produce two sustainable macro-types of heat-resistant materials (also promoting their recycling):
fireproof composites reinforced with basalt fiber (recyclable, fireproof and thermal-insulating panels);
composites reinforced with long or short carbon fibers (virgin/recycled) with a nano-structured refractory matrix (for thermal barriers with working temperatures up to 800 °C).